Hadith & Surah
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Abu Huraira narrated that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me!" The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]
The Reward of Greetings
Reported by Abu Hurairah (RA): Messenger of
Allah PBUH said, “By Him in
Whose Hand my soul is! You will not enter Jannah until you believe, and you
shall not believe until you love one another. May I inform you of something, if
you do, you love each other? Promote greeting amongst you (by saying As-salamu‘alaikum to one another).” [Muslim]
“You who believe, seek help through steadfastness and prayer, for Allah is with the steadfast.” (Holy Qur’an 2:153)
Suhayb bin Sinan related that the Prophet, PBUH, said, “Wonderful is the case of a believer – there is good for him in everything, and this is only for the believer. If he experiences a blessing, he is grateful to Allah – which is good for him; and if he experiences an adversity, he is patient – which is also good for him.” (Related by Muslim)
On the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say: Allah the Almighty said: “O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great at it.” Hadith Qudsi 34
Reported by Abu Hurairah (RA): Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “He who believes in Allah and the Last Day let him not harm his neighbor; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day let him show hospitality to his guest; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day let him speak good or remain silent.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Reported by Al-Bara' bin ‘Azib (RA): Messenger of Allah PBUH has ordered us to visit the sick, to follow the funeral (of a dead believer), to respond to the sneezer (i.e., by saying to him: Yarhamuk-Allah after he says: Al-hamdu liLlah), to help those who vow to fulfill it, to help the oppressed, to accept the invitation extended by the inviter; and to promote greetings (i.e., saying As-Salamu ‘Alaikum). [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Five Before Five
The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said: “Take benefit
of five before five: your youth before your old age, your health before your sickness, your wealth before your poverty, your free-time before your preoccupation, and your
life before your death.”
- Youth Before Old Age
One of the things that most people take for granted is their youth. When people are young, they are full of energy and are capable of doing so many things for the sake of Allah SWT, but often we see that this energy is wasted in one way or another. When people lose their youth, they inevitably find it harder to do those deeds and acts of worship that they found somewhat easier to do at a younger age. With old age, people find it harder to keep Fard (obligatory) fasts, they may not be able perform Wudhu properly or to pray properly, and they may not have the energy to recite Qur’an very often. It is common to hear young people claim that they will start ‘practicing’ Islam when they get older. We should always be mindful of the fact that ‘older’ may never come round for us. We have no guarantee that we will even be alive tomorrow, let alone be alive to see our pensions, or our grandchildren. And even if we are blessed with a long life, how can we be sure that we have the health – physical and mental – to practice Islam? On top of all this, we should remember that people do not just magically become ‘good’ overnight; often, we find that bad habits are hard to shift – what if we can’t get rid of our bad habits when we get old?
- Health Before Sickness
As with our youth, we often take for granted our health. We are advised to take advantage of our good health before we are overcome with illness or disability. What we often don’t realize is that our health is a blessing from Allah SWT. When we are in good health, we take it for granted and don’t always appreciate what we have. It is only when we fall ill that we realize what a great thing we had and how we let it go to waste by not doing as much Ibadah (worship) as we know we could – and should – have done.
- Wealth Before Poverty
Wealth is another blessing granted to us by Allah. Wealth in this context does not necessarily mean that we have large amounts of savings, the fact that we can afford a huge house, or a top-of-the-range car and a state-of-the-art media system. The simpler things such as a roof over our heads, clothes on our backs, and food in our fridges make us amongst the world’s wealthiest people – a fact that we, more often than not, seem to overlook, particularly when we see people that have a lot more worldly possessions than we do. There are millions of people in the world today that don’t even have a drop of clean water to drink and they don’t know where their next meal will be coming from. These are the people that we need to be helping with our wealth. Even a small donation can go a long way. We should give as much as we can in the way of Allah, and we are assured of the rewards for doing so by Allah: ‘The likeness of those who spend their money for Allah’s sake, is as the likeness of a grain (of corn), it grows seven ears, every single ear has a hundred grains, and Allah multiplies (increases the reward) for whom He wills, and Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures needs, All Knower’. (Al-Baqarah: 261)
- Free Time Before Preoccupation
Islam always encourages us to make the most of our time, and to spend as much of it as possible in the way of Allah. We should utilize the time we have available to do as much good as we can, because before we know it, this time will have passed. As mentioned above, we should use the time we have in our youth to do as much in the way of Allah as possible, because as time passes, as well as having to contend with old age and all that entails, we will inevitably have a lot more things to worry about like jobs, homes, and families – things that most of us at this present moment aren’t necessarily worried about. If we think that finding the time to practice Islam is difficult now, what will we do when life really starts to pick up pace? There is nothing wrong with getting married and having a family, but we should appreciate the relative freedom that we have now and spend as much of it as we can on good deeds. The concept of time is so important in Islam that Allah swears by it in the Qur’an: ‘By Time. Verily Man is in loss. Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience.’ (Surah Al-‘Asr). In line with the above Ayaat (verses), we have to discipline ourselves by giving value to the importance of time. We should be prompt in doing good deeds, which will increase our faith and subsequently enable us to gain Allah’s pleasure and mercy.
- Life Before Death
The last thing that we have been advised to take advantage of is our life before our death. Every night when we go to sleep, we enter a state where our soul leaves us. When we wake up, it is only because Allah has blessed us by returning our souls and granting us the opportunity to worship Him for at least one more day. Upon waking up in the morning, the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) used to say (and we are also encouraged to do the same): ‘Praise be to Allah who gave me life after death, and to Him is the final return.’ (Bukhari). Often we do not fully appreciate how great of a blessing it is to be given another chance. We become relaxed about death and we don’t fully comprehend or appreciate that at some point – and only Allah SWT knows when – our life will be taken away from us for good, leaving no second chance, no opportunity to make up for the wrongs we have done, and no turning back time. We must not forget what a mercy life is. We should savor every moment and use it to our best advantage. This means pleasing Allah in order to achieve our ultimate goal – Jannah (heaven).
I’ll end with a final hadith that I feel sums up the importance of all these issues: ‘A man shall be asked concerning five things on the Day of Resurrection: concerning his life, how he spent it; concerning his youth, how he grew old; concerning his wealth, how he acquired it and how he spent it; and what he did with the knowledge he had.’ (Tirmidhi)
Submission to Allah
Reported by Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (RA): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When the son of Adam gets up in the morning, all the limbs humble themselves before the tongue and say: 'Fear Allah for our sake because we are with you: (i.e. we will be rewarded or punished as a result of what you do) if you are straight, we will be straight; and if you are crooked, we will become crooked.'"[At-Tirmidhi]
Narrated by Abu Huraira: One day while the Prophet PBUH was sitting in the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came and asked, "What is faith?" Allah's Apostle replied, 'Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection."
he further asked, "What is Islam?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship Allah alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay the compulsory charity (Zakat), and to observe fasts during
the month of Ramadan."
Then he further asked, "What is Ihsan (perfection)?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you."
Then he further asked, "When will the Hour be established?" Allah's Apostle replied, "The answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents.
1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master.
2. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with others in the construction of higher buildings. And the Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah. The Prophet then recited: "Verily, with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour--." (31. 34)
that man (Gabriel) left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back, but they could not see him. Then the Prophet said, "That was Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion."
Abu 'Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part of faith. Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 2 Hadith 47
- Going Early for the Prayers: the Prophet (PBUH) said: "If people know how much they could benefit from "al athan" (prayer call) and being among those standing in the first row in their prayers, they would even poll or gamble for it if there is no other way. And if they know how much bounty they get in arriving early at the mosque, they would compete for it. And if they know much beneficence in Al fajr (dawn) and AL'eshaa (nightly) prayers they would even go creeping." (agreed upon as a correct narrative).
- The Du'aa (supplication) Upon Going to the Masjid: " O Allah, lighten my heart, lighten my speech, lighten my audition, lighten my insight and bless me with light from behind, front, above, under and cover me all with light." (narrated by Imam Muslim).
- Walking with Solemnity: The Prophet (PBUH) said: " when you hear the call for the prayers; walk to your prayers quietly with solemnity …" (narrated by Al Bukhari and Imam Muslim).
- Going to the Masjid on Foot: Scholars assured that it is a sunnah to shorten your steps swiftly to get more merits out of the number of steps, as the Prophet (PBUH) said: "Do you know what can erase your sins and heighten your faith? They replied: no; he then mentioned some points in addition to 'walking to the mosque' …" (narrated by Imam Muslim).
- The Du'aa Upon Entering the Masjid: Whenever you enter the Masjid address salutation for the Prophet (PBUH) and say : "O Allah, open your gates of mercy for me." (narrated by An Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, Ibn Khozaimah and Ibn Hibban).
- Entering the Masjid with the Right Foot: Anas Ibn Malek (may Allah be pleased with him) said : "It is sunnah to enter the Masjid with your right foot and exit with your left foot" (Al Hakem and Ath- Thahaby agreed that this narrative is correct according to Imam Muslim's narrative).
- Heading for the First Row: "If people know how much they could benefit from "al athan" (prayer call) and being among those standing in the first row in their prayers, they would even poll or gamble for it if there is no other way….. " (agreed upon as a correct narrative).
- The Du'aa of Exiting the Masjid: When departing say: "O Allah, I ask your donation." (narrated by Imam Muslim; and An Nasa'i added that a salutation for the Prophet (PBUH) is preferred).
- Exiting with the Left Foot: Referring to Anas Ibn Malek 's (may Allah be pleased with him) see above narrative instructing to exit with the right foot.
- The Masjid Salutation Prayer : "When you enter the Masjid do not sit until you address two rak'a prayer." (agreed upon as a correct narrative)-Imam Ash Shafe'ie said: "Salutation prayer is right even in the non-preferred prayer times." Al Hafez said: "All the scholars agreed that salutation prayer is a true sunnah." The sum of all these sunnahs for a Muslim who practice the fiveprayers at the Masjid is fifty sunnahs.